Australia vs. Canada: Study, Career, and Immigration Guide 2020

Australia and Canada are the most attractive countries for students, immigrants, and workaholics. However, the number of students is immigrating to many countries to achieve their education and permanent residence, but study or making a career or living far away from your family, home, and friends demand a permanent life abroad, prospective career, and hefty financial returns. To meet these demanding outcomes, Australia and Canada are now the best places for study, career, and immigration purposes. 

In addition to these, the Indian government policy of liberalization, privatization, and globalization has made easier for Indian citizens to move there for studying, making career and to live in because both of these countries are offering high standards of life and supportive policy, that attracts several individuals from all over the world.

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Although individual and families have their own choice to choose between Australia and Canada, both of the countries provide a high-class education, career-specific jobs, high salaries, efficient work culture, and balanced rural-urban life. In this article, we are making a detailed comparison of “Which country (Australia vs. Canada) is best to live in for study, career, or permanent residence.”

Education in Australia vs. Canada

One can’t investigate all the educational departments on the planet. The principal thing that one should ask himself; for what valid reason he needs to concentrate abroad? One should ask himself that to what extent he needs to concentrate abroad and what would he like to accomplish before he gets back? The responses to these inquiries will have a big effect on the decision of one’s educational journey. Do not worry; this content will address all of your concerns by the following comparisons.

Top-ranked universities

There are five universities from Australia, and three universities from Canada are in the top 100 institutions of the world.

According to the latest survey of 2020, Australia ranked 6th overall in providing the best higher education with quality and student satisfaction, including a global reputation in the world. These standards are provided at Australian National University- ranked 29, The University of Melbourne – ranked 30, University of Queensland ranked at 55th position, and the University of Sydney that is ranked at 69. See the ranking of other universities here. The high ranked universities and the quality education has made Australia (a country of 24 million) a proud country to study besides the UK and the USA.

Besides, Canada is 3rd in the ranking according to the 2020 survey in facilitating the students with quality education and is also known for its research and innovation. Some universities which are in top rankings are the University of Toronto – ranked 18th, the University of British ranked – 34th, and the McGill University – ranked 40. Comparing the ranking statistics, both of the countries are almost equal with their services, standards, and the quality that proved to be the best places for the Indians. 

According to Attorney David Cohen, “More than anything, Canada sees international students as a source of income for their country, and will pay equal to them after their degrees.” This is seconded by the fact that more than 15 million opportunities are still waiting for the right persons that are additional to 175,000 opportunities that are currently in progress. This makes Canada the most opportunistic country than Australia with more number of opportunities.

Top 10 Universities in Australia with Global Rankings, Courses, Tuition Fee

The Top 10 Canadian Universities with a high acceptance rate

Popular courses

The popular courses offered by Canada are Business Management, Media, Petroleum, Civil, Software and Chemical Engineering, Nursing, Computer, Science, and Hospitality. Whereas Popular courses in Australia are Accounting, MBA, Law, Health Care, Dentistry, Teacher Education, Information Technology, Education, and Hotel Management. It seems that both of the countries are well-versed in providing an excellent course structure with versatile knowledge.

Cost of education

The average cost of education in Australia and Canada is relatively higher than the European countries but still less than the UK and the USA. The normal education cost in the USA is $30,000 per year and $36,070 to $51,850 per year in the UK education systems.

Comparatively, Australia and Canada are also competing with each other in terms of the prices, but overall, Australia is expensive than Canada. In Canada, the fee is around $13,000-$20,000 per year for an undergraduate degree, whereas for Postgraduate course costs $17,000-$25,000 per year excluding accommodation.

On the other hand, the Undergraduate course fee in Australia around $15,000-$33,000 per year, and the Postgraduate course in Australia demands $20,000-$37,000 per year. This made Australia an expensive choice for the students but still worth it because of their career advantages.

Eligibility criteria

The majority of the colleges and universities in Canada demand 16 years of schooling for postgraduate courses and 12 years of schooling for college classes. On the other hand, Australia demands both 15 or 16 years of schooling to enroll in their postgraduate courses.

Scholarships

Both countries are offering generous scholarships for studying at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels. The Canadian government and universities offer Canadian Commonwealth Scholarship, Ontario Graduate Scholarship Program, the Quebec Provincial Government Scholarship, and much more.

Besides, Australia Awards scholarship, International Postgraduate Research Scholarships, University of Sydney International Research Scholarships, and Macquarie University International Scholarships, etc. are one of the scholarships that are offered by Australian universities and government.

A career in Australia or Canada

Both countries provide the best infrastructure for job opportunities. Due to which both countries’ unemployment rate is extremely low as compared to the other countries in the world. The joblessness rate in Australia is (5.3%), and Canada is (5.5%), but this is all relative since everything relies upon your occupation, your area and whether your industry has an appeal.

Job opportunities

The Canadian government allows students to work part-time during their education that helps them to support themselves financially. The government of Canada gives up to the three years’ work permits depending on the degree one is enrolled that helps the students to live and work even after completing their studies. Due to the large scale immigration plans and less-work force, Canada government provides a hefty opportunity to its citizens or job person to maintain their country 

On the contrary, the Australian government allows a person to obtain a skilled graduate visa for two years after their education from Australia or the universities listed in Washington Accord. This allows people to settle themselves by occupying the right opportunity to present all around the country. 

Jobs in different fields

Both countries offer employment in different fields as Australia provides jobs in Airlines, Construction, Insurance, Management, Technology, Banking, Mining, etc. and Canada gives opportunities in the field of Management, Tour guide, Engineering, Car business, Entrepreneurship, etc.

Both Australia and Canada provide opportunities to the skilled person under a skill exchange visa. So this opens the door to the Australian blue-collar jobs like labor, welder, tile placer, key maker, etc. and Canadians white-collar jobs like accountants, car dealers, service workshops, etc.

Part-time jobs

Up to 20 – 40 hours per week, a student can work during a school session in both countries and can have hourly weekly, or decent monthly wages (14-20 CAD per hour in Canada and 20-35 AUD per hour in Australia). Parallel to this, they can work easily without limit at weekends, summer, and winter break to increase their incomes. Students can work in cafes, bookstores, coffee shops, restaurants, grocery stores, libraries, clothes or shoe stores, as an instructor in some gym or swimming area, as a translator, etc. as a shopkeeper, vendor, cashier, cleaner, delivery person, etc.

Comparatively, both Australia and Canada offer a lot of full time and part-time jobs to fulfill the financial needs, but Australia is leading in terms of financial returns, and Canada leads in the job quality (white-collar jobs).

20 Best Part-Time Jobs Near You That Pay Well

Immigration for Permanent Residency

Immigration to Canada and Australia is now the priority for the students and working professionals, but they need to fulfill the immigration requirement to achieve their purpose. The relevant work experience, education, family kinships, bank statements, legal documents, and visa application is required to attain the Immigration of both countries. From this, one can attain the requirements for the Immigration of Australia, and also the requirements of permanent residency provided by the Canadian government here. The tabular discussion about Immigration to these countries are:

Canada

Federal Skilled Worker Program – Express Entry

Purpose Cost Points Required Processing Time Benefit
Permanent Residence 450 CAD 67, See points chart here 0.6 – 1 year You will be allowed to work and live in Canada for 1095 days, and then you will apply for permanent residence.

Federal Skilled Trade Program – Express Entry

Purpose Cost Requirements Processing Time Benefit
Permanent Residence through Trade 490 CAD Belongs to Trade categories, English, Age 0.6 – 1 year If you are from the three categories of trade, you can migrate yourself to get eligible for PR.

Canada Experience Class – Express Entry

Purpose Cost Requirements Processing Time Benefit
Permanent residence based on Canadian Experience 490 CAD Canadian Experience, Age, English almost six months The person with good knowledge of English or French with at least 12  months of experience will apply for the visa

Dependent Visa – Family Sponsor Visa

Purpose Cost Requirements Processing Time Benefit
Permanent residence based on Canadian Family member (First Blood) 490 CAD Age, Education, Family Sponsorships 9 – 12 months The person with good knowledge of English or French with at least 12  months of experience will apply for the visa

Business Class Visa

Purpose Cost Requirements Processing Time Benefit
Permanent residence based on Business Development and Investments More than 2000 CAD Age, education, business plan, investments 9 – 12 months The person with good business skills and investments can get the PR by investing in the mentioned businesses niches.

Australia

Permanent Residency VISA Brief Information
Family Stream Visa It is provided to the person whose spouse and parents are the national of Australia or New Zealand. This visa is either for a short term basis or permanent residence.
Work Stream Visa It is provided to skilled graduates, experienced persons, and other people who have fulfilled the visa requirements.
Business Stream Visa It is provided to the persons who are willing to open or expand the business with enough investments
Retirement Pathway For eligible Retired persons
Former Residents It is for former residents of Australia
Distinguish Talent Visas For the special researchers and workers nominated by Australian institutes, companies, and governments.
Refugee / Humanitarian For the people who are seeking refuge from the Australian government for security reasons or willing to withdraw their nationalities.

Some similarities between Australia and Canada regarding Immigration: 

  • Both countries offer a visa for five years that differs for provincial and states.
  • Both countries accept the family status for migration.
  • Both countries give benefits to its citizens like free education, social security services, and free medical and health care.
  • One can find jobs in different fields, such as engineers, healthcare, etc.

Some differences between Australia and Canada regarding Immigration: 

  • Immigration to the countries requires enough financial savings, but the INR to CAD and AUD differs that will cost Indians more expenses for the Canadian Immigration besides Australia.
  • Canadian policies demand 67 eligibility points, and the Australian government demands 60 eligibility points that are allotted for factors like age, work, education, experience, etc.
  • Processing time for immigration visas varies from individual to individual, but processing time is fast for Canada as compared to Australia.
  • Every country demands a demand list for migration; therefore, 300 occupations are demanded by Canada and 200 Occupations by Australia.

General Points Table for VISA – Australia vs Canada

General Points Table for VISA Australia Canada
Age 30 12
Language Proficiency 20 28
Foreign Work Experience 15 15
In-Country Work Experience 20 10
Education 25 25
Other Factors 20 10
Passing Score 60 67

Expenses of living

Living expenses are the expenses needed to support life that includes housing, rent, car, food, clothes, healthcare, etc. We can describe some parameters to relate the differences accounts for expenses of living.  

  1. Canada has lower taxes than Australia; thus, one can save more money in Canada.
  2. Basic utility bills that include electricity, water, gas, etc. is greater in Australia as compared to Canada.
  3. Both states are offering special transportation passes to their citizens, but it is also a little bit expensive in Australia.
  4. Entertainment, fitness club, clothing, grocery all come in the same range in both states.

Culture and weather

Both nations are populated with numerous communities having different cultures. Middle East people, Indians, Srilankans, Chinese, and Jamaicans are present in huge numbers in Canada, whereas Thai, Lebanese, Indonesians are the most dominant communities in Australia. Both countries have the opposite weather. Australia is hot, full of deserts and palm trees, whereas, on the other hand, Canada is full of snow and harsh winters.

Conclusion

This article is responsible for explaining the difference between Australia and Canada in terms of their studies, Careers, and Immigration. This article concluded some facts as:

  1. Australia is good for the study if you are willing to study in top rank universities at higher fees.
  2. Canada is good for the study if you are willing to study in top rank universities with relatively less as compare to India.
  3. Australia is good for career opportunities, and one can enjoy the tropical weather.
  4. Canada has more career opportunities than Australia, but the weather is harsh.
  5. Both the countries are at the top spot of Immigration. Canada immigration is cheaper than Australian, and Australia immigration is stricter as compared to Canada.

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